Chickamauga Historic Resources Survey
Chickamauga in Walker County in the northwest corner of Georgia is located about thirteen miles south of Chattanooga, TN. The name “Chickamauga” is a Shawnee word used to describe a band of Cherokee Indians who by the 1700s occupied northwest Georgia, southeast Tennessee, and western North Carolina. However, humans occupied the area in the Woodland period, attracted by the limestone springs at the center of today’s city. Named for a Cherokee chief, Crawfish Springs still produces roughly 20 million gallons of water per day, and gave the town its first name.
In July 2012, the Chickamauga City Council and Historic Preservation Commission contracted with APPS to conduct a Phase 1 survey of the historic resources in the City. The purpose of the survey was for city planning purposes, to assist preservation activities, and to augment the Georgia Historic Resources Survey. The survey area comprised 439 properties, of which 356 resources met the survey criterion of being constructed prior to 1972. Each of these was digitally photographed, documented, and entered into GNAHRGIS, the online database of the Georgia Historic Preservation Division. The final report included maps, tables, a developmental history of the area, architectural analysis, potential National Register eligibility assessments, and recommendations for preservation.